Research ArticleASTROBIOLOGY

Membrane alternatives in worlds without oxygen: Creation of an azotosome

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science Advances  27 Feb 2015:
Vol. 1, no. 1, e1400067
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1400067

You are currently viewing the abstract.

View Full Text


The lipid bilayer membrane, which is the foundation of life on Earth, is not viable outside of biology based on liquid water. This fact has caused astronomers who seek conditions suitable for life to search for exoplanets within the “habitable zone,” the narrow band in which liquid water can exist. However, can cell membranes be created and function at temperatures far below those at which water is a liquid? We take a step toward answering this question by proposing a new type of membrane, composed of small organic nitrogen compounds, that is capable of forming and functioning in liquid methane at cryogenic temperatures. Using molecular simulations, we demonstrate that these membranes in cryogenic solvent have an elasticity equal to that of lipid bilayers in water at room temperature. As a proof of concept, we also demonstrate that stable cryogenic membranes could arise from compounds observed in the atmosphere of Saturn’s moon, Titan, known for the existence of seas of liquid methane on its surface.

  • Titan
  • abiogenesis
  • exobiology
  • liposome
  • physical chemistry
  • quantum chemistry
  • computational chemistry
  • molecular dynamics

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

View Full Text