Research ArticleCLIMATOLOGY

Old World megadroughts and pluvials during the Common Era

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Science Advances  06 Nov 2015:
Vol. 1, no. 10, e1500561
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500561

Article Information

vol. 1 no. 10

Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication May 4, 2015
  • Accepted for publication August 4, 2015

Author Information

  1. Edward R. Cook1,*,
  2. Richard Seager1,
  3. Yochanan Kushnir1,
  4. Keith R. Briffa2,
  5. Ulf Büntgen3,
  6. David Frank3,
  7. Paul J. Krusic4,
  8. Willy Tegel5,
  9. Gerard van der Schrier6,
  10. Laia Andreu-Hayles1,
  11. Mike Baillie7,
  12. Claudia Baittinger8,
  13. Niels Bleicher9,
  14. Niels Bonde8,
  15. David Brown7,
  16. Marco Carrer10,
  17. Richard Cooper2,
  18. Katarina Čufar11,
  19. Christoph Dittmar12,
  20. Jan Esper13,
  21. Carol Griggs14,
  22. Björn Gunnarson15,
  23. Björn Günther16,
  24. Emilia Gutierrez17,
  25. Kristof Haneca18,
  26. Samuli Helama19,
  27. Franz Herzig20,
  28. Karl-Uwe Heussner21,
  29. Jutta Hofmann22,
  30. Pavel Janda23,
  31. Raymond Kontic24,
  32. Nesibe Köse25,
  33. Tomáš Kyncl26,
  34. Tom Levanič27,
  35. Hans Linderholm28,
  36. Sturt Manning14,
  37. Thomas M. Melvin2,
  38. Daniel Miles29,
  39. Burkhard Neuwirth30,
  40. Kurt Nicolussi31,
  41. Paola Nola32,
  42. Momchil Panayotov33,
  43. Ionel Popa34,
  44. Andreas Rothe35,
  45. Kristina Seftigen28,
  46. Andrea Seim28,
  47. Helene Svarva36,
  48. Miroslav Svoboda23,
  49. Terje Thun36,
  50. Mauri Timonen19,
  51. Ramzi Touchan37,
  52. Volodymyr Trotsiuk23,
  53. Valerie Trouet37,
  54. Felix Walder9,
  55. Tomasz Ważny37,38,
  56. Rob Wilson39 and
  57. Christian Zang40
  1. 1Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964, USA.
  2. 2Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.
  3. 3Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Birmensdorf 8903, Switzerland.
  4. 4Navarino Environmental Observatory, Messinia 24001, Greece.
  5. 5Institute for Forest Growth (IWW), University of Freiburg, Freiburg 79106, Germany.
  6. 6Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt 3730, Netherlands.
  7. 7Paleoecology Center, Queens University, Belfast BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland.
  8. 8National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen DK-1220, Denmark.
  9. 9Competence Center for Underwater Archaeology and Dendrochronology, Office for Urbanism, City of Zürich, Zürich 8008, Switzerland.
  10. 10TeSAF Department, Università degli Studi di Padova, Agripolis, Legnaro I-35020, Italy.
  11. 11Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana SI-1000, Slovenia.
  12. 12Environmental Research and Education (UFB), Mistelbach 95511, Germany.
  13. 13Department of Geography, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz 55099, Germany.
  14. 14Cornell Tree Ring Laboratory, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.
  15. 15Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, Stockholm SE-106, Sweden.
  16. 16Technische Universität Dresden, Tharandt D-01737, Germany.
  17. 17Department of Ecology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
  18. 18Flanders Heritage Agency, Brussels 1210, Belgium.
  19. 19Natural Resources Institute Finland, Rovaniemi FI-96301, Finland.
  20. 20Bavarian State Department for Cultural Heritage, Thierhaupten 86672, Germany.
  21. 21German Archaeological Institute (DAI), Berlin 14195, Germany.
  22. 22Jahrringlabor Hofmann, Nürtingen 72622, Germany.
  23. 23Department of Forest Ecology, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague 16521, Czech Republic.
  24. 24Labor Dendron, Basel 4057, Switzerland.
  25. 25Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University, Bahcekoy, Sariyer 34473, Istanbul, Turkey.
  26. 26Moravian Dendro-Labor, Brno 61600, Czech Republic.
  27. 27Slovenian Forestry Institute, Ljubljana SI-1000, Slovenia.
  28. 28Department of Earth Sciences, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg SE-405, Sweden.
  29. 29Oxford Dendrochronology Laboratory, Oxford University, Oxford RG4 7TX, UK.
  30. 30DeLaWi – Tree Ring Analyses, Windeck D-51570, Germany.
  31. 31Institut für Geographie, Universität Innsbruck, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria.
  32. 32Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e dell’Ambiente, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia 27100, Italy.
  33. 33Dendrology Department, University of Forestry, Sophia 1756, Bulgaria.
  34. 34Forest Research and Management Institute, Calea Bucovinei, Campulung Moldovenesc 725100, Romania.
  35. 35Faculty of Forestry, University of Applied Sciences Weihenstephan-Triesdorf, Freising 85354, Germany.
  36. 36NTNU University Museum, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim 7012, Norway.
  37. 37Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA.
  38. 38Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun 87-100, Poland.
  39. 39School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews KY16 9AL, Scotland.
  40. 40Ecoclimatology, Technische Universität München, Freising 85354, Germany.
  1. *Corresponding author. E-mail: drdendro{at}ldeo.columbia.edu

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