Research ArticleCONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

Isotopically enhanced triple-quantum-dot qubit

Science Advances  29 May 2015:
Vol. 1, no. 4, e1500214
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1500214

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Abstract

Like modern microprocessors today, future processors of quantum information may be implemented using all-electrical control of silicon-based devices. A semiconductor spin qubit may be controlled without the use of magnetic fields by using three electrons in three tunnel-coupled quantum dots. Triple dots have previously been implemented in GaAs, but this material suffers from intrinsic nuclear magnetic noise. Reduction of this noise is possible by fabricating devices using isotopically purified silicon. We demonstrate universal coherent control of a triple-quantum-dot qubit implemented in an isotopically enhanced Si/SiGe heterostructure. Composite pulses are used to implement spin-echo type sequences, and differential charge sensing enables single-shot state readout. These experiments demonstrate sufficient control with sufficiently low noise to enable the long pulse sequences required for exchange-only two-qubit logic and randomized benchmarking.

Keywords
  • Qubits
  • quantum dots
  • isotopically enhanced semiconductors
  • semiconductor heterostructures
  • quantum control
  • quantum information

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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