Environmentally-friendly aqueous Li (or Na)-ion battery with fast electrode kinetics and super-long life

Science Advances  22 Jan 2016:
Vol. 2, no. 1, e1501038
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501038

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Current rechargeable batteries generally display limited cycle life and slow electrode kinetics and contain environmentally unfriendly components. Furthermore, their operation depends on the redox reactions of metal elements. We present an original battery system that depends on the redox of I/I3 couple in liquid cathode and the reversible enolization in polyimide anode, accompanied by Li+ (or Na+) diffusion between cathode and anode through a Li+/Na+ exchange polymer membrane. There are no metal element–based redox reactions in this battery, and Li+ (or Na+) is only used for charge transfer. Moreover, the components (electrolyte/electrode) of this system are environment-friendly. Both electrodes are demonstrated to have very fast kinetics, which gives the battery a supercapacitor-like high power. It can even be cycled 50,000 times when operated within the electrochemical window of 0 to 1.6 V. Such a system might shed light on the design of high-safety and low-cost batteries for grid-scale energy storage.

  • Electrochemical energy storage
  • aqueous Li-ion battery
  • aqueous Na-ion battery
  • large-scale energy storage
  • electrodes kinetics

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