Research ArticleAPPLIED PHYSICS

Nonradiating and radiating modes excited by quantum emitters in open epsilon-near-zero cavities

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Science Advances  21 Oct 2016:
Vol. 2, no. 10, e1600987
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600987

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Abstract

Controlling the emission and interaction properties of quantum emitters (QEs) embedded within an optical cavity is a key technique in engineering light-matter interactions at the nanoscale, as well as in the development of quantum information processing. State-of-the-art optical cavities are based on high quality factor photonic crystals and dielectric resonators. However, wealthier responses might be attainable with cavities carved in more exotic materials. We theoretically investigate the emission and interaction properties of QEs embedded in open epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) cavities. Using analytical methods and numerical simulations, we demonstrate that open ENZ cavities present the unique property of supporting nonradiating modes independently of the geometry of the external boundary of the cavity (shape, size, topology, etc.). Moreover, the possibility of switching between radiating and nonradiating modes enables a dynamic control of the emission by, and the interaction between, QEs. These phenomena provide unprecedented degrees of freedom in controlling and trapping fields within optical cavities, as well as in the design of cavity opto- and acoustomechanical systems.

Keywords
  • Epsilon-near-zero materials
  • ENZ
  • flexible cavity
  • open cavity
  • quantum emitter
  • radiating mode
  • nonradiating mode

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