Acoustic-assisted assembly of an individual monochromatic ultralong carbon nanotube for high on-current transistors

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Science Advances  30 Nov 2016:
Vol. 2, no. 11, e1601572
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1601572

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Great effort has been applied to scientific research on the controllable synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with high semiconducting selectivity or high areal density toward the macroscale applications of high-performance carbon-based electronics. However, the key issue of compatibility between these two requirements for CNTs remains a challenge, blocking the expected performance boost of CNT devices. We report an in situ acoustic-assisted assembly of high-density monochromatic CNT tangles (m-CNT-Ts), consisting of one self-entangled CNT with a length of up to 100 mm and consistent chirality. On the basis of a minimum consumed energy model with a Strouhal number of approximately 0.3, the scale could be controlled within the range of 1 × 104 to 3 × 104 μm2 or even a larger range. Transistors fabricated with one m-CNT-T showed an on/off ratio of 103 to 106 with 4-mA on-state current, which is also the highest on-state current recorded so far for single CNT–based transistors. This acoustic-assisted assembly of chiral-consistent m-CNT-Ts will provide new opportunities for the fabrication of high-performance electronics based on perfect CNTs with high purity and high density.

  • Ultralong carbon nanotubes
  • carbon nanotube tanges
  • chirality
  • monochromatic
  • acoustic-assisted
  • carbon-based electronics

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