Research ArticleASTRONOMY

Timing of the formation and migration of giant planets as constrained by CB chondrites

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Science Advances  09 Dec 2016:
Vol. 2, no. 12, e1601658
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1601658

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Abstract

The presence, formation, and migration of giant planets fundamentally shape planetary systems. However, the timing of the formation and migration of giant planets in our solar system remains largely unconstrained. Simulating planetary accretion, we find that giant planet migration produces a relatively short-lived spike in impact velocities lasting ~0.5 My. These high-impact velocities are required to vaporize a significant fraction of Fe,Ni metal and silicates and produce the CB (Bencubbin-like) metal-rich carbonaceous chondrites, a unique class of meteorites that were created in an impact vapor-melt plume ~5 My after the first solar system solids. This indicates that the region where the CB chondrites formed was dynamically excited at this early time by the direct interference of the giant planets. Furthermore, this suggests that the formation of the giant planet cores was protracted and the solar nebula persisted until ~5 My.

Keywords
  • Early solar system history
  • giant planet
  • planet migration
  • meteorites

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