Research ArticleANTHROPOLOGY

Ancient mitochondrial DNA provides high-resolution time scale of the peopling of the Americas

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Science Advances  01 Apr 2016:
Vol. 2, no. 4, e1501385
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501385

Article Information

vol. 2 no. 4

Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication October 5, 2015
  • Accepted for publication March 21, 2016

Author Information

  1. Bastien Llamas1,*,,
  2. Lars Fehren-Schmitz2,,
  3. Guido Valverde1,
  4. Julien Soubrier1,
  5. Swapan Mallick3,4,5,
  6. Nadin Rohland3,4,5,
  7. Susanne Nordenfelt3,4,5,
  8. Cristina Valdiosera6,
  9. Stephen M. Richards1,
  10. Adam Rohrlach7,
  11. Maria Inés Barreto Romero8,
  12. Isabel Flores Espinoza8,
  13. Elsa Tomasto Cagigao9,
  14. Lucía Watson Jiménez9,10,
  15. Krzysztof Makowski9,
  16. Ilán Santiago Leboreiro Reyna11,
  17. Josefina Mansilla Lory11,
  18. Julio Alejandro Ballivián Torrez12,
  19. Mario A. Rivera13,
  20. Richard L. Burger14,
  21. Maria Constanza Ceruti15,16,
  22. Johan Reinhard17,
  23. R. Spencer Wells17,,
  24. Gustavo Politis18,
  25. Calogero M. Santoro19,
  26. Vivien G. Standen19,
  27. Colin Smith6,
  28. David Reich3,4,5,
  29. Simon Y. W. Ho20,
  30. Alan Cooper1,*,§ and
  31. Wolfgang Haak1,*,§,
  1. 1Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Biological Sciences and The Environment Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia.
  2. 2Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA.
  3. 3Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
  4. 4Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.
  5. 5Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, MA 20815, USA.
  6. 6Department of Archaeology and History, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria 3086, Australia.
  7. 7School of Mathematical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia.
  8. 8Museo de Sitio Huaca Pucllana, Miraflores, Lima 18, Peru.
  9. 9Departamento de Humanidades, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima 32, Peru.
  10. 10Centro de Investigaciones Arqueológicas del Museo de Sitio de Ancón, Lima 38, Peru.
  11. 11Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico City 6500, Mexico.
  12. 12Unidad de Arqueología y Museos, Ministerio de Culturas y Turismo de Bolivia, La Paz 3165, Bolivia.
  13. 13Universidad de Magallanes, Punta Arenas 6210427, Chile.
  14. 14Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University, Boston, MA 02138, USA.
  15. 15Instituto de Investigaciones de Alta Montaña, Universidad Católica de Salta, Salta 4400, Argentina.
  16. 16Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Godoy Cruz 2290, Cdad. Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  17. 17National Geographic Society, Washington, DC 20036, USA.
  18. 18Instituto de Investigaciones Arqueológicas y Paleontológicas del Cuaternario Pampeano–Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, 7600 Olavarría, Argentina.
  19. 19Instituto de Alta Investigación, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica 1000000, Chile.
  20. 20School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia.
  1. *Corresponding author. E-mail: bastien.llamas{at}adelaide.edu.au (B.L.); alan.cooper{at}adelaide.edu.au (A.C.); wolfgang.haak{at}adelaide.edu.au (W.H.)
    • These authors contributed equally to this work.

    • Present address: Department of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA.

    • § Equal senior authors.

    • Present address: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena 07745, Germany.

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