Research ArticleGEOPHYSICS

Far-field super-resolution imaging of resonant multiples

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Science Advances  20 May 2016:
Vol. 2, no. 5, e1501439
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501439

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We demonstrate for the first time that seismic resonant multiples, usually considered as noise, can be used for super-resolution imaging in the far-field region of sources and receivers. Tests with both synthetic data and field data show that resonant multiples can image reflector boundaries with resolutions more than twice the classical resolution limit. Resolution increases with the order of the resonant multiples. This procedure has important applications in earthquake and exploration seismology, radar, sonar, LIDAR (light detection and ranging), and ultrasound imaging, where the multiples can be used to make high-resolution images.

  • seismic resonant multiples
  • super-resolution imaging

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