Research ArticleEXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS

Versatile microwave-driven trapped ion spin system for quantum information processing

Science Advances  08 Jul 2016:
Vol. 2, no. 7, e1600093
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600093

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Abstract

Using trapped atomic ions, we demonstrate a tailored and versatile effective spin system suitable for quantum simulations and universal quantum computation. By simply applying microwave pulses, selected spins can be decoupled from the remaining system and, thus, can serve as a quantum memory, while simultaneously, other coupled spins perform conditional quantum dynamics. Also, microwave pulses can change the sign of spin-spin couplings, as well as their effective strength, even during the course of a quantum algorithm. Taking advantage of the simultaneous long-range coupling between three spins, a coherent quantum Fourier transform—an essential building block for many quantum algorithms—is efficiently realized. This approach, which is based on microwave-driven trapped ions and is complementary to laser-based methods, opens a new route to overcoming technical and physical challenges in the quest for a quantum simulator and a quantum computer.

Keywords
  • Quantum information science
  • quantum simulation
  • quantum computation
  • microwave-driven trapped ions
  • spin-spin coupling
  • long-range coupling
  • quantum fourier transform

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

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