Research ArticleELECTROMAGNETISM

Interface-driven topological Hall effect in SrRuO3-SrIrO3 bilayer

Science Advances  08 Jul 2016:
Vol. 2, no. 7, e1600304
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600304

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Abstract

Electron transport coupled with magnetism has attracted attention over the years. Among them, recently discovered is topological Hall effect (THE), originating from scalar spin chirality, that is, the solid angle subtended by the spins. THE is found to be a promising tool for probing the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction and consequent magnetic skyrmions. This interaction arises from broken inversion symmetry and hence can be artificially introduced at interface; this concept is lately verified in metal multilayers. However, there are few attempts to investigate such DM interaction at interface through electron transport. We clarified how the transport properties couple with interface DM interaction by fabricating the epitaxial oxide interface. We observed THE in epitaxial bilayers consisting of ferromagnetic SrRuO3 and paramagnetic SrIrO3 over a wide region of both temperature and magnetic field. The magnitude of THE rapidly decreases with the thickness of SrRuO3, suggesting that the interface DM interaction plays a significant role. Such interaction is expected to realize a 10-nm-sized Néel-type magnetic skyrmion. The present results established that the high-quality oxide interface enables us to tune the effective DM interaction; this can be a step toward future topological electronics.

Keywords
  • Spin-orbit interaction
  • magnetic skyrmion
  • spintronics
  • dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction
  • topological Hall effect
  • berry phase
  • broken inversion symmetry

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