Research ArticleCLIMATOLOGY

Snowball Earth climate dynamics and Cryogenian geology-geobiology

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Science Advances  08 Nov 2017:
Vol. 3, no. 11, e1600983
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600983

Article Information

vol. 3 no. 11

Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication May 4, 2016
  • Accepted for publication September 21, 2017

Author Information

  1. Paul F. Hoffman1,2,*,
  2. Dorian S. Abbot3,
  3. Yosef Ashkenazy4,
  4. Douglas I. Benn5,
  5. Jochen J. Brocks6,
  6. Phoebe A. Cohen7,
  7. Grant M. Cox8,9,
  8. Jessica R. Creveling10,
  9. Yannick Donnadieu11,12,
  10. Douglas H. Erwin13,14,
  11. Ian J. Fairchild15,
  12. David Ferreira16,
  13. Jason C. Goodman17,
  14. Galen P. Halverson18,
  15. Malte F. Jansen3,
  16. Guillaume Le Hir19,
  17. Gordon D. Love20,
  18. Francis A. Macdonald1,
  19. Adam C. Maloof21,
  20. Camille A. Partin22,
  21. Gilles Ramstein11,
  22. Brian E. J. Rose23,
  23. Catherine V. Rose24,,
  24. Peter M. Sadler20,
  25. Eli Tziperman1,
  26. Aiko Voigt25,26 and
  27. Stephen G. Warren27
  1. 1Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  2. 2School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8P 5C2, Canada.
  3. 3Department of Geophysical Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
  4. 4Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, 84990, Israel.
  5. 5School of Geography and Sustainable Development, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 8YA, UK.
  6. 6Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601, Australia.
  7. 7Geosciences, Williams College, Williamstown, MA 01267, USA.
  8. 8Centre for Tectonics, Resources and Exploration (TRaX), Department of Earth Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5005, Australia.
  9. 9Department of Applied Geology, Curtin University, Bentley, Western Australia 6845, Australia.
  10. 10College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331–5503, USA.
  11. 11Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement (LSCE), Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Université Paris-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France.
  12. 12Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, L’Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), Centre Européen de Recherche et D’enseignement de Géosciences de L’environnement (CEREGE), 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France.
  13. 13Department of Paleobiology, Smithsonian Institution, P.O. Box 37012, MRC 121, Washington, DC 20013–7012, USA.
  14. 14Santa Fe Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA.
  15. 15School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.
  16. 16Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Reading, RG6 6BB, UK.
  17. 17Department of Environmental Science, Wheaton College, Norton, MA 02766, USA.
  18. 18Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, McGill University, Montréal, Québec H3A 0E8, Canada.
  19. 19Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, 1, rue Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France.
  20. 20Department of Earth Sciences, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA.
  21. 21Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.
  22. 22Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5E2, Canada.
  23. 23Department of Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University at Albany, Albany, NY 12222, USA.
  24. 24Department of Geology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland.
  25. 25Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Department of Troposphere Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
  26. 26Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, P.O. Box 1000, Palisades, NY 10964–1000, USA.
  27. 27Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195–1640, USA.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: paulfhoffman{at}gmail.com
  • Present address: School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of St Andrews, Irvine Building, St Andrews, Fyfe KY16 9AL, UK.

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