Research ArticlePHYSICS

Nanoscale magnetic imaging using circularly polarized high-harmonic radiation

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Science Advances  15 Dec 2017:
Vol. 3, no. 12, eaao4641
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aao4641

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This work demonstrates nanoscale magnetic imaging using bright circularly polarized high-harmonic radiation. We utilize the magneto-optical contrast of worm-like magnetic domains in a Co/Pd multilayer structure, obtaining quantitative amplitude and phase maps by lensless imaging. A diffraction-limited spatial resolution of 49 nm is achieved with iterative phase reconstruction enhanced by a holographic mask. Harnessing the exceptional coherence of high harmonics, this approach will facilitate quantitative, element-specific, and spatially resolved studies of ultrafast magnetization dynamics, advancing both fundamental and applied aspects of nanoscale magnetism.

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