Research ArticleCONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS

Nonreciprocal charge transport in noncentrosymmetric superconductors

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Science Advances  21 Apr 2017:
Vol. 3, no. 4, e1602390
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1602390

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Abstract

Lack of spatial inversion symmetry in crystals offers a rich variety of physical phenomena, such as ferroelectricity and nonlinear optical effects (for example, second harmonic generation). One such phenomenon is magnetochiral anisotropy, where the electrical resistance depends on the current direction under the external magnetic field. We demonstrate both experimentally and theoretically that this magnetochiral anisotropy is markedly enhanced by orders of magnitude once the materials enter into a superconducting state. To exemplify this enhancement, we study the magnetotransport properties of the two-dimensional noncentrosymmetric superconducting state induced by gating of MoS2. These results indicate that electrons feel the noncentrosymmetric crystal potential much coherently and sensitively over the correlation length when they form Cooper pairs, and show open a new route to enhance the nonreciprocal response toward novel functionalities, including superconducting diodes.

Keywords
  • nonreciprocal response
  • magnetochiral anisotropy
  • noncentrosymmetric superconductor
  • paraconductivity
  • Ginzburg-Landay Theory

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