Research ArticleCANCER

The long noncoding RNA SPRIGHTLY acts as an intranuclear organizing hub for pre-mRNA molecules

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Science Advances  03 May 2017:
Vol. 3, no. 5, e1602505
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1602505

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Abstract

Molecular mechanisms by which long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) molecules may influence cancerous condition are poorly understood. The aberrant expression of SPRIGHTLY lncRNA, encoded within the drosophila gene homolog Sprouty-4 intron, is correlated with a variety of cancers, including human melanomas. We demonstrate by SHAPE-seq and dChIRP that SPRIGHTLY RNA secondary structure has a core pseudoknotted domain. This lncRNA interacts with the intronic regions of six pre-mRNAs: SOX5, SMYD3, SND1, MEOX2, DCTN6, and RASAL2, all of which have cancer-related functions. Hemizygous knockout of SPRIGHTLY by CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)/Cas9 in melanoma cells significantly decreases SPRIGHTLY lncRNA levels, simultaneously decreases the levels of its interacting pre-mRNA molecules, and decreases anchorage-independent growth rate of cells and the rate of in vivo tumor growth in mouse xenografts. These results provide the first demonstration of an lncRNA’s three-dimensional coordinating role in facilitating cancer-related gene expression in human melanomas.

Keywords
  • long noncoding RNA
  • melanoma
  • gene regulation
  • pre-mRNA

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