Perovskite nanocomposites as effective CO2-splitting agents in a cyclic redox scheme

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Science Advances  30 Aug 2017:
Vol. 3, no. 8, e1701184
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1701184

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We report iron-containing mixed-oxide nanocomposites as highly effective redox materials for thermochemical CO2 splitting and methane partial oxidation in a cyclic redox scheme, where methane was introduced as an oxygen “sink” to promote the reduction of the redox materials followed by reoxidation through CO2 splitting. Up to 96% syngas selectivity in the methane partial oxidation step and close to complete conversion of CO2 to CO in the CO2-splitting step were achieved at 900° to 980°C with good redox stability. The productivity and production rate of CO in the CO2-splitting step were about seven times higher than those in state-of-the-art solar-thermal CO2-splitting processes, which are carried out at significantly higher temperatures. The proposed approach can potentially be applied for acetic acid synthesis with up to 84% reduction in CO2 emission when compared to state-of-the-art processes.

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