Research ArticleAPPLIED SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING

Perovskite nanocomposites as effective CO2-splitting agents in a cyclic redox scheme

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science Advances  30 Aug 2017:
Vol. 3, no. 8, e1701184
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1701184

You are currently viewing the abstract.

View Full Text

Abstract

We report iron-containing mixed-oxide nanocomposites as highly effective redox materials for thermochemical CO2 splitting and methane partial oxidation in a cyclic redox scheme, where methane was introduced as an oxygen “sink” to promote the reduction of the redox materials followed by reoxidation through CO2 splitting. Up to 96% syngas selectivity in the methane partial oxidation step and close to complete conversion of CO2 to CO in the CO2-splitting step were achieved at 900° to 980°C with good redox stability. The productivity and production rate of CO in the CO2-splitting step were about seven times higher than those in state-of-the-art solar-thermal CO2-splitting processes, which are carried out at significantly higher temperatures. The proposed approach can potentially be applied for acetic acid synthesis with up to 84% reduction in CO2 emission when compared to state-of-the-art processes.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

View Full Text