RecA filament maintains structural integrity using ATP-driven internal dynamics

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science Advances  06 Sep 2017:
Vol. 3, no. 9, e1700676
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1700676

You are currently viewing the abstract.

View Full Text


At the core of homologous DNA repair, RecA catalyzes the strand exchange reaction. This process is initiated by a RecA loading protein, which nucleates clusters of RecA proteins on single-stranded DNA. Each cluster grows to cover the single-stranded DNA but may leave 1- to 2-nucleotide (nt) gaps between the clusters due to three different structural phases of the nucleoprotein filaments. It remains to be revealed how RecA proteins eliminate the gaps to make a seamless kilobase-long filament. We develop a single-molecule fluorescence assay to observe the novel internal dynamics of the RecA filament. We directly observe the structural phases of individual RecA filaments and find that RecA proteins move their positions along the substrate DNA to change the phase of the filament. This reorganization process, which is a prerequisite step for interjoining of two adjacent clusters, requires adenosine triphosphate hydrolysis and is tightly regulated by the recombination hotspot, Chi. Furthermore, RecA proteins recognize and self-align to a 3-nt-period sequence pattern of TGG. This sequence-dependent phase bias may help the RecA filament to maintain structural integrity within the kilobase-long filament for accurate homology search and strand exchange reaction.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

View Full Text