Research ArticleCANCER

Mapping a functional cancer genome atlas of tumor suppressors in mouse liver using AAV-CRISPR–mediated direct in vivo screening

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Science Advances  28 Feb 2018:
Vol. 4, no. 2, eaao5508
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aao5508

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Cancer genomics consortia have charted the landscapes of numerous human cancers. Whereas some mutations were found in classical oncogenes and tumor suppressors, others have not yet been functionally studied in vivo. To date, a comprehensive assessment of how these genes influence oncogenesis is lacking. We performed direct high-throughput in vivo mapping of functional variants in an autochthonous mouse model of cancer. Using adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) carrying a single-guide RNA (sgRNA) library targeting putative tumor suppressor genes significantly mutated in human cancers, we directly pool-mutagenized the livers of Cre-inducible CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)–associated protein 9 (Cas9) mice. All mice that received the AAV-mTSG library developed liver cancer and died within 4 months. We used molecular inversion probe sequencing of the sgRNA target sites to chart the mutational landscape of these tumors, revealing the functional consequence of multiple variants in driving liver tumorigenesis in immunocompetent mice. AAV-mediated autochthonous CRISPR screens provide a powerful means for mapping a provisional functional cancer genome atlas of tumor suppressors in vivo.

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