Research ArticlePHYSICS

Topological transport of sound mediated by spin-redirection geometric phase

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Science Advances  16 Feb 2018:
Vol. 4, no. 2, eaaq1475
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaq1475

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When a dynamic system undergoes a cyclic evolution, a geometric phase that depends only on the path traversed in parameter space can arise in addition to the normal dynamical phase. These geometric phases have profound impacts in both quantum and classical physics. In addition to the geometric phase associated with band structures in reciprocal space that has led to the discovery of topological insulators, the spin-redirection geometric phase induced by the SO(3) rotation of states in real space can also give rise to intriguing phenomena such as the photonic analog of the spin Hall effect. By exploiting the orbital angular momentum of sound vortices, we theoretically and experimentally demonstrate the spin-redirection geometric phase effects in airborne sound, which is a scalar wave without spin. We show that these effects, associated with the helical transport of sound, can be used to control the flow of sound. This finding opens new possibilities for the manipulation of scalar wave propagation by exploiting spin-redirection geometric phases.

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