Research ArticleBIOPHYSICS

Saturation of charge-induced water alignment at model membrane surfaces

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Science Advances  28 Mar 2018:
Vol. 4, no. 3, eaap7415
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aap7415

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Abstract

The electrical charge of biological membranes and thus the resulting alignment of water molecules in response to this charge are important factors affecting membrane rigidity, transport, and reactivity. We tune the surface charge density by varying lipid composition and investigate the charge-induced alignment of water molecules using surface-specific vibrational spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations. At low charge densities, the alignment of water increases proportionally to the charge. However, already at moderate, physiologically relevant charge densities, water alignment starts to saturate despite the increase in the nominal surface charge. The saturation occurs in both the Stern layer, directly at the surface, and in the diffuse layer, yet for distinctly different reasons. Our results show that the soft nature of the lipid interface allows for a marked reduction of the surface potential at high surface charge density via both interfacial molecular rearrangement and permeation of monovalent ions into the interface.

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