Research ArticleECOLOGY

Carbon dioxide (CO2) levels this century will alter the protein, micronutrients, and vitamin content of rice grains with potential health consequences for the poorest rice-dependent countries

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Science Advances  23 May 2018:
Vol. 4, no. 5, eaaq1012
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaq1012

Article Information

vol. 4 no. 5

Online ISSN: 
  • Received for publication October 1, 2017
  • Accepted for publication April 6, 2018

Author Information

  1. Chunwu Zhu1,
  2. Kazuhiko Kobayashi2,
  3. Irakli Loladze3,
  4. Jianguo Zhu1,
  5. Qian Jiang1,
  6. Xi Xu1,
  7. Gang Liu1,
  8. Saman Seneweera4,
  9. Kristie L. Ebi5,
  10. Adam Drewnowski6,
  11. Naomi K. Fukagawa7 and
  12. Lewis H. Ziska8,*
  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China.
  2. 2University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.
  3. 3Bryan College of Health Sciences, Bryan Medical Center, Lincoln, NE 68506, USA.
  4. 4Centre for Crop Health, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia.
  5. 5Center for Health and the Global Environment (CHanGE), University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98198, USA.
  6. 6Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
  7. 7U.S. Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), Beltsville Human Nutrition Center, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA.
  8. 8USDA-ARS, Adaptive Cropping Systems Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: l.ziska{at}


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Article usage: May 2018 to October 2018

May 20184075542604106
Jun 2018911336571946
Jul 201814091749598
Aug 201872087498
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Oct 20180836197

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