Research ArticleIMMUNOLOGY

VSIG4 mediates transcriptional inhibition of Nlrp3 and Il-1β in macrophages

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Science Advances  09 Jan 2019:
Vol. 5, no. 1, eaau7426
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau7426

Abstract

Hyperactivation of the NLRP3 inflammasome contributes to the pathogenesis of multiple diseases, but the mechanisms underlying transcriptional regulation of Nlrp3 remain elusive. We demonstrate here that macrophages lacking V-set and immunoglobulin domain–containing 4 (Vsig4) exhibit significant increases in Nlrp3 and Il-1β transcription, caspase-1 activation, pyroptosis, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) secretion in response to NLRP3 inflammasome stimuli. VSIG4 interacts with MS4A6D in the formation of a surface signaling complex. VSIG4 occupancy triggers Ser232 and Ser235 phosphorylation in MS4A6D, leading to activation of JAK2-STAT3-A20 cascades that further results in nuclear factor κB suppression and Nlrp3 and Il-1β repression. Exaggerated NLRP3 and IL-1β expression in Vsig4−/− mice is accountable for deleterious disease severity in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and resistance to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)–induced colitis. The agonistic VSIG4 antibodies (VG11), acting through NLRP3 and IL-1β suppression, show significant therapeutic efficacy in mouse EAE. These findings highlight VSIG4 as a prospective target for treating NLRP3-associated inflammatory disorders.

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