Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Supplementary Materials and Methods
  • Supplementary Results
  • fig. S1. Refugees and asylum seekers in European countries.
  • fig. S2. Composition of refugee population in European countries.
  • fig. S3. Composition of asylum seeker population in European countries.
  • fig. S4. Longer asylum wait times decrease the probability of subsequent employment for various subgroups of refugees stratified by war duration and the level of infant mortality from their origin country.
  • table S1. Asylum seeker labor market access.
  • table S2. Summary statistics.
  • table S3. Longer asylum wait times lower subsequent employment for refugees (controlling for up to 3 years of previous employment and additional fixed effects).
  • table S4. Results are robust to excluding the assigned canton as a control variable.
  • table S5. Effects of longer asylum wait times on subsequent employment are similar for appellants and nonappellants (controlling for up to 3 years of previous employment).
  • table S6. Effects of longer asylum wait times on subsequent employment are similar in cantons with 3 or 6 months of mandatory restrictions on labor market access (controlling for up to 3 years of previous employment).
  • table S7. Longer asylum wait times lower the positive effect of getting subsidiary protection status on employment (controlling in panel regression for person, year, and canton fixed effects).
  • table S8. Longer asylum wait times lower subsequent employment for various subgroups of refugees stratified by gender, origin continent, age at arrival, and assigned language region.
  • table S9. Longer asylum wait times lower subsequent employment for various subgroups of refugees stratified by war duration of the origin country and the origin infant mortality.
  • table S10. Because of batch processing, an applicant’s own wait time is primarily driven by the average wait time for other refugees who arrive on the same day from the same origin.
  • table S11. Employment while waiting does not determine the wait time for the asylum decision.
  • References (3641)

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