Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • section S1. The shape of the intensity distribution function P(I)
  • section S2. The AFM observation of the rubbed substrate
  • fig. S1. Relation between a phase-contrast image and the intensity distribution function.
  • fig. S2. AFM image of the rubbed surface.

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • movie S1 (.mp4 format). LLT in the smooth unrubbed cell observed at 218 K (the same process as Fig. 1A).
  • movie S2 (.mp4 format). LLT in the rubbed cell observed at 218 K (the same process as Fig. 1B).
  • movie S3 (.mp4 format). LLT in the rubbed cell at four different temperatures.

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