Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • Supplementary Text
  • fig. S1. Schematic of the experimental setup including exemplar XRF spectrum and XRD pattern.
  • fig. S2. TPR results.
  • fig. S3. Deviation in lattice parameter (±1%) from standard value (white) for conventional and inverse catalyst for room temperature measurements of the calcined catalyst.
  • fig. S4. Summed XRD patterns from each XRD-CT measurement.
  • fig. S5A. Inverse catalyst precursor structure.
  • fig. S5B. Inverse catalyst structure after reduction.
  • fig. S5C. Inverse catalyst structure during FTS at 2 bar.
  • fig. S6. Diffraction cluster analysis.
  • fig. S7. Deviation in lattice parameter (±1%) from standard value (white) for conventional catalyst after reduction (top), and during FTS at 2 bar (middle) and 4 bar (bottom).
  • fig. S8. Deviation in lattice parameter (±1%) from standard value (white) for inverse catalyst after reduction (top), and during FTS at 2 bar (middle) and 4 bar (bottom).
  • fig. S9. Change in summed XRD patterns for the conventional catalyst between reduction and FTS (2 bar).
  • fig. S10A. Conventional catalyst mass spectrometry traces for C1+-C6+.
  • fig. S10B. Inverse catalyst mass spectrometry traces for C1+-C6+.
  • fig. S11. Conventional catalyst structure during FTS at 4 bar.
  • fig. S12. Inverse catalyst structure during FTS at 4 bar.
  • table S1. BET (surface area) and BJH (pore volume and size) results.
  • table S2. Results of phase identification simulations of active reduced catalysts.
  • table S3. Results of phase identification simulations of catalysts under 2-bar FTS conditions.
  • table S4. Activity and selectivity of the catalysts, offline testing corresponding to Fig. 4.
  • References (63, 64)

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