Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • table S1. Results of the generalized linear mixed model in the field experiment, with individual NT included as a potential demonstrator for moss-sponging.
  • table S2. Results of the generalized linear mixed model in the field experiment, with individual NT included as a potential demonstrator for leaf-sponging (that is, if her moss-sponging event during an unrelated experiment is not taken into account).
  • table S3. Individuals with a known sponging technique and their affiliation.
  • fig. S1. General view of the clay pit located between the exposed roots of two adjacent trees (Cynometra alexandri and Mimusops bagshawei) consisting of two cavities.
  • fig. S2. Closeup view of the two cavities.
  • fig. S3. Histogram of parameter estimates for the factor moss-sponger in matriline.
  • fig. S4. Histogram of parameter estimates for the factor average association with moss-spongers.
  • Legends for movies S1 and S2

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • movie S1 (.mp4 format). Manufacture of a moss-sponge.
  • movie S2 (.mp4 format). Manufacture of a moss-sponge and a leaf-sponge.

Files in this Data Supplement: