Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

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  • Supplementary Text
  • fig. S1. Bias-corrected annual TWmax return period for the most populous cities in the selected regions for each scenario.
  • fig. S2. Seasonal cycle of the 30-year average monthly maximum TWmax after bias correction for the most populous cities in the selected regions for each scenario.
  • fig. S3. April-May-July climatological frequency (days/year) of severe heat wave calculated using daily maximum temperature derived from MRCM historical simulation (1976–2005) and RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 projections (2071–2100).
  • fig. S4. As in fig. S3 but for intensity (°C) of severe heat wave.
  • fig. S5. Geographical settings and typical climatological conditions of the South Asian monsoon.
  • fig. S6. Spatial distribution of June-July-August 30-year (1982–2011) climatology of TW and TWmax (°C) for ERA-Interim and the MRCM simulations driven by ERA-Interim.
  • fig. S7. Spatial distribution of June-July-August 30-year climatology of TW and TWmax (°C) for ERA-Interim (1979–2008) and the MRCM ensemble of the three simulations (1976–2005) driven by three AOGCMs (CCSM4, MPI-ESM, and ACCESS).
  • fig. S8. Spatial distribution of 95th percentile exceedance of TWmax (days/year) from ERA-Interim (1979–2008) and the MRCM ensemble of simulations (1975–2005) driven by three AOGCMs (CCSM4, MPI-ESM, and ACCESS).
  • fig. S9. Histogram of TWmax (°C) at three stations (Punjab, Patna, and Lucknow) from in situ observations (1979–2008) and the MRCM simulations (1976–2005) driven by three AOGCMs (CCSM4, MPI-ESM, and ACCESS).
  • fig. S10. Histograms of daily maximum temperature, Tmax (°C), and maps of the ensemble averaged 30-year Tmax.
  • fig. S11. Bias-corrected annual Tmax return period for the most populous cities in the selected regions for each scenario.
  • fig. S12. Conversion tables between NOAA National Weather Service Heat Index and TW.
  • table S1. Horizontal resolution of the atmospheric and ocean components of the three AOGCMs used in this study.
  • References (45–47)

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