Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • fig. S1. Schematic illustration of the PRC measurement.
  • fig. S2. Verification of PRC measurement method by the van der Pol oscillator.
  • fig. S3. Normalized bioluminescence for various dark pulse periods.
  • fig. S4. Normalized amplitude for various dark pulse periods.
  • fig. S5. Experimental data of phase response by dark pulse periods.
  • fig. S6. PRCs for the 2-hour dark pulse obtained by the standard method (one-time stimulus) and our method (periodic stimuli).
  • fig. S7. PRCs constructed from periodic stimuli with short and long periods of dark pulses.
  • fig. S8. Phase distribution after the dark pulse was applied to the uniform distribution.
  • fig. S9. Theoretical PRCs.
  • fig. S10. PRC simulation using a phase oscillator model (Eq. 1).
  • fig. S11. Range of entrainment in simulation using a phase oscillator model (Eq. 1).
  • fig. S12. PRC of the 4-hour dark pulse.

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