Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • table S1. The BET results of catalysts and intrinsic property.
  • table S2. The catalytic performance of mechanically mixed and supported catalysts.
  • table S3. DRIFT peak assignments of the surface species for the CO2 + H2(D2) reaction on 13% ZnO-ZrO2.
  • fig. S1. The dependence of methanol selectivity on the Zn/(Zn + Zr) molar ratio at a 10% CO2 conversion.
  • fig. S2. The effect of pressure, H2/CO2 ratio, and GHSV on CO2 hydrogenation.
  • fig. S3. XRD patterns of ZnO-ZrO2 catalysts.
  • fig. S4. HRTEM of the 13% ZnO-ZrO2 catalyst.
  • fig. S5. The UV-vis absorbance and Raman spectra of ZnO-ZrO2.
  • fig. S6. XPS of ZnO, ZrO2, and 13% ZnO-ZrO2.
  • fig. S7. H2-TPR of ZnO, ZrO2, and 13% ZnO-ZrO2.
  • fig. S8. XRD of mechanically mixed and supported catalysts.
  • fig. S9. DRIFT results of CO2 + H2 substituted by CO2 + D2.
  • fig. S10. Structure of ZrO2 and ZnO-ZrO2.
  • fig. S11. Local geometries of the reaction intermediates of CO2 hydrogenation to methanol via formate on the ZnO-ZrO2 (101) surface.
  • fig. S12. Local geometries of the reaction intermediates of CO2 hydrogenation to methanol via CO on the ZnO-ZrO2 (101) surface.
  • fig. S13. Structure of ZnO.
  • fig. S14. Hartree potential of the Zn-terminated ZnO (0001) surface calculated by different dipole correction methods.
  • fig. S15. Local geometries of the reaction intermediates on the ZnO (0001) surface.
  • fig. S16. Reaction diagram of CO2 hydrogenation to CH3OH via formate on the Zn-terminated ZnO (0001) surface.
  • fig. S17. The catalytic performance contrast of the ZnO-ZrO2 catalyst for CO2 + H2 and CO + H2.
  • fig. S18. The catalytic performance contrast of Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 and ZnO-ZrO2 catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation.
  • fig. S19. The stability test of the Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst.

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