Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • section S1. Derivation of the dissipative Bose-Hubbard model
  • section S2. Loss dynamics from the Mott insulating state with double filling
  • section S3. Details of the theoretical analyses using the Gutzwiller variational approach
  • section S4. Unexpectedly large atom loss for strong intensity of PA laser
  • fig. S1. Time evolution of the normalized atom density 〈nˆA〉(t) for 〈nˆA〉(0) = 2.
  • fig. S2. Measurement of the one-body molecular loss ΓPA.
  • fig. S3. On-site interaction U and the hopping energy J as a function of the lattice depth.
  • fig. S4. Time sequence of the atom loss measurement from the Mott insulating state with unit filling.
  • fig. S5. Time evolution of the atom density 〈nˆA〉(t) for 〈nˆA〉 (0) = 1.
  • fig. S6. Loss rate κ as a function of the dissipation strength γ.
  • fig. S7. Time evolution of ρ3,3.
  • fig. S8. ρmax3,3 and ΓPA × ρmax3,3 as a function of γ.
  • fig. S9. Time evolution of the amplitude of the superfluid order parameter and its growth rate.
  • fig. S10. Contour plot of the growth rate, G=d/dt ln |ψ|2.
  • fig. S11. Time sequence for the dynamical melting of the Mott insulating state with unit filling.
  • fig. S12. Atom density 〈nˆA〉 as a function of the instantaneous value of the lattice depth V0/ER.
  • fig. S13. Condensate fraction |ψ|2/ 〈nˆA〉 as a function of the instantaneous value of the lattice depth V0/ER.
  • References (47–59)

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