Science Advances

Supplementary Materials

This PDF file includes:

  • section S1. Description of the demonstration site
  • section S2. Model validation analysis
  • fig. S1. Wolong Nature Reserve in Sichuan Province, southwestern China.
  • table S1. General information about the PES programs and related livelihood activities under investigation in Wolong Nature Reserve.
  • table S2. Summary statistics of variables used in constructing the structural equation model.
  • table S3. Summary of validation results of the structural equation model.
  • table S4. Results of the structural equation model.
  • table S5. The effects of specified and unspecified pathways by which the GTGP and the GTBP affected nonpayment income.
  • References (37–40)

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