Table 1 Samples, origin, and genome code used in the article; average genome coverage; and ancestry proportions.

If a population resides within the gray wolf and coyote hybrid zone, the location is indicated with “HZ”; reference populations are indicated by “REF.” When previously sequenced, the appropriate citation is provided. EuGW, Eurasian gray wolf; NAGW, North American gray wolf; RW, red wolf; GLW, Great Lakes region wolf; COY, coyote; DOG, dog; JACK, golden jackal.

Genome (reference)Species, common nameLocationGroup codeAverage coverage
Alaska (26)C. lupus, gray wolfAlaska, USANAGW6.37
AlabamaC. latrans, coyoteAlabama, USA (REF)COY5.10
Algonquin1C. lupus, eastern wolf*Algonquin Provincial Park, Canada (HZ)GLW5.60
Algonquin2C. lupus, eastern wolf*Algonquin Provincial Park, Canada (HZ)GLW4.48
Boxer (26)C. familiaris, dog (boxer)Domestic dogDOG22.31
Basenji (63)C. familiaris, dog (Basenji)Domestic dogDOG21.93
California (26)C. latrans, coyoteCalifornia, USA (REF)COY24.25
FloridaC. latrans, coyoteFlorida, USACOY7.10
Minnesota (26)C. lupus, Great Lakes wolf*Minnesota, USA (HZ)GLW24.90
GShep (63)C. familiaris, dog (German shepherd)Domestic dogDOG23.86
IllinoisC. latrans, coyoteIllinois, USACOY6.21
India (26)C. lupus, gray wolfIndia (REF)EuGW15.88
Iran (54)C. lupus, gray wolfIran (REF)EuGW28.70
IRNPC. lupus, Great Lakes wolf*IRNP, USA (HZ)GLW4.62
Kenya (26)C. aureus, golden jackalKenya, AfricaJACK25.74
Mexican (26)C. lupus baileyi, Mexican wolfNew Mexico, USANAGW23.88
Mongolia (54)C. lupus, gray wolfMongolia (REF)EuGW25.65
OhioC. latrans, coyoteOhio, USACOY5.92
Qinghai (54)C. lupus, gray wolfChina (REF)EuGW27.03
QuebecCoyC. latrans, coyoteQuebec, Canada (REF)COY6.41
QuebecWolfC. lupus, gray wolf*Quebec, Canada (HZ)GLW3.88
Redwolf1 (54)C. rufus, red wolfCaptive breeding program, USA (HZ)RW28.30
Redwolf2C. rufus, red wolfCaptive breeding program, USA (HZ)RW5.57
Redwolf3C. rufus, red wolfCaptive breeding program, USA (HZ)RW6.29
WisconsinC. lupus, Great Lakes wolf*Wisconsin, USA(HZ)GLW7.49
Yellowstone1C. lupus, gray wolfYellowstone National Park, USANAGW12.90
Yellowstone2 (26)C. lupus, gray wolfYellowstone National Park, USANAGW26.39
Yellowstone3 (26)C. lupus, gray wolfYellowstone National Park, USA (REF)NAGW24.32

*Species designation uncertain: the Great Lakes region may contain a wolf-like endemic North American species, C. lycaon, only a mixture of gray wolf and coyote genes, or mixtures of all three taxa.

†Because of their parent-offspring relationship (Yellowstone1 and Yellowstone2 are the parents of Yellowstone3), we excluded these two individuals.