Table 1 Genic loci associated with indices of human-directed social behavior across dogs and wolves.

NA, not applicable.

PhenotypeLocus IDSV typePosition
(Mb)*
β (SE)% Variation
explained
PCandidate
gene
ABSCfa6.66Deletion5.750.23 (0.09)4.451.38 × 10−4GTF2I
Cfa6.3Insertion2.140.11 (0.07)0.568.12 × 10−4WBSCR17
Cfa6.7Deletion2.540.12 (0.07)0.628.89 × 10−4WBSCR17
SISCfa6.66Deletion5.75−27.0 (24.80)11.451.95 × 10−4GTF2I
Top three principal
components
(PC model)
Cfa6.72Deletion5.900.04 (0.052),
−0.96 (0.57),
1.11 (0.36)
NA4.98 × 10−4GTF2IRD1

*See table S7 for locus details.

P values from likelihood ratio test (adjusted significance threshold P = 2.38 × 10−3).