Table 3 Effects of disaster damage on social capital among all analytic samples (n = 3421).
Outcome: Normalized social cohesionOutcome: Normalized informal socializing
and social participation
β Coefficient (95% CI)Pβ Coefficient (95% CI)P
Relocation (ref. no.)
  1: Group (n = 79)−0.033 (−0.069 to 0.004)0.0790.053 (0.011 to 0.095)0.013
  2: Individual (n = 96)−0.064 (−0.096 to −0.032)<0.001−0.039 (−0.074 to −0.003)0.035
Loss of relatives/friends
  Yes = 1, No = 00.002 (−0.009 to 0.013)0.722−0.005 (−0.018 to 0.008)0.438
Age
  (continuous)0.001 (−0.002 to 0.002)0.939−0.012 (−0.015 to −0.009)<0.001
Equivalent income (ref.: <2 million = 0)
  ≥2 million = 1−0.004 (−0.015 to 0.006)0.402−0.004 (−0.017 to 0.009)0.532
Employment status
  1: Employment, 0: Nonemployment0.016 (0.001 to 0.032)0.049−0.016 (−0.037 to 0.005)0.141
Divorce or bereavement
  1: Yes, 0: No−0.033 (−0.053 to −0.013)0.001−0.003 (−0.030 to 0.024)0.807
Living alone
  1: Yes, 0: No0.015 (−0.008 to 0.038)0.2060.021 (−0.003 to 0.045)0.091
Depressive symptoms
  1: Higher risk (≥5), 0: Lower risk (≤4)−0.033 (−0.044 to −0.022)<0.001−0.041 (−0.054 to −0.029)<0.001