Table 4 Effects of disaster damage on social capital among respondents who lived in the inundated area (n = 523).
Outcome: Normalized social cohesionOutcome: Normalized informal socializing
and social participation
β Coefficient (95% CI)Pβ Coefficient (95% CI)P
Relocation (ref. no.)
  1: Group (n = 78)−0.022 (−0.069 to 0.025)0.3510.076 (0.027 to 0.125)0.002
  2: Individual (n = 42)−0.063 (−0.112 to −0.013)0.014−0.016 (−0.064 to 0.031)0.503
Loss of relatives/friends
  Yes = 1, No = 0−0.017 (−0.051 to 0.016)0.305−0.027 (−0.063 to 0.009)0.144
Age
  (continuous)−0.001 (−0.009 to 0.008)0.907−0.015 (−0.023 to −0.006)0.001
Equivalent income (ref.: < 2 million = 0)
  ≥2 million = 1−0.009 (−0.048 to 0.031)0.646−0.006 (−0.047 to 0.035)0.765
Employment status
  1: Employment, 0: Nonemployment−0.003 (−0.047 to 0.041)0.893−0.021 (−0.062 to 0.020)0.310
Divorce or bereavement
  1: Yes, 0: No−0.051 (−0.097 to −0.004)0.032−0.019 (−0.076 to 0.039)0.513
Living alone
  1: Yes, 0: No0.020 (−0.032 to 0.073)0.4500.019 (−0.033 to 0.071)0.476
Depressive symptoms
  1: Higher risk (≥5), 0: Lower risk (≤4)−0.015 (−0.050 to 0.020)0.403−0.041 (−0.076 to −0.006)0.022