Table 1 Risk-taking measures used in the Basel-Berlin Risk Study.

DV, dependent variable. All measures were coded such that higher values indicate more risk taking, except for “DFEss” (a larger sample size may reflect stronger uncertainty reduction and thus less risk taking).

MeasureSubscale/DVAbbreviation
Propensity measures
  Socioeconomic panel (90)General risk takingSOEP
FinancialSOEPfin
HealthSOEPhea
RecreationalSOEPrec
OccupationalSOEPocc
SocialSOEPsoc
DrivingSOEPdri
  Domain-specific risk-attitude scale (4)InvestmentDinv
GamblingDgam
HealthDhea
RecreationalDrec
EthicalDeth
SocialDsoc
  Gambling Attitude and Beliefs Survey (91)Total scoreGABS
  Personal Risk Inventory (92)Total scorePRI
  Sensation Seeking Scale (93)Thrill and adventure seekingSStas
Experience seekingSSexp
DisinhibitionSSdis
Boredom susceptibilitySSbor
  Barratt’s Impulsivity Scale (94)AttentionalBISa
MotorBISm
Nonplanning behaviorBISn
Behavioral measures
  Balloon Analogue Risk Task (95)Number of pumpsBART
  Decisions from experience (72)Sample sizeDFEss
% Risky choicesDFEre
  Decisions from description (72)% Risky choicesDFD
  Adaptive lotteries (96)% Risky choicesLOT
  Multiple price list (97)Switching point (inverted)MPL
  Columbia Card Task (98)Number of cardsCCT
  Marbles task (99)% Risky choicesMT
  Vienna Risk-Taking Test Traffic (100)Reaction latencyVRTTT
Frequency measures
  Alcohol use disorders identification test (22)Total scoreAUDIT
  Fagerström test for nicotine dependence (23)Total scoreFTND
  Pathological gambling (24)Total scorePG
  Drug Abuse Screening Test (101)Total scoreDAST
  Encounters with risky situations (102)Aggressive behaviorCAREa
Sexual behaviorCAREs
Behavior at workCAREw
  Risky behaviors in the past month (4)Total scoreDm