Table 2 Determinants of fake news sharing on Facebook.

Quasi-Poisson models with YouGov’s sample-matching weights applied. Dependent variables are counts of fake news articles shared using measures derived from (7) (columns 1 and 2) and (2) (columns 3 and 4). The reference category for ideology is “Not sure.” “Number of links shared” refers to the number of Facebook posts by each respondent that includes a link to an external URL. A&G, Allcott and Gentzkow.

Number of stories sharedNumber of stories shared (A&G)
(1)(2)(3)(4)
Very liberal0.4870.3871.634*1.485*
(1.238)(1.209)(0.876)(0.800)
Liberal−1.127−1.1410.8730.812
(1.439)(1.404)(0.886)(0.809)
Moderate0.3330.3920.7480.824
(1.186)(1.157)(0.875)(0.799)
Conservative2.187*2.248**1.736**1.800**
(1.155)(1.128)(0.868)(0.794)
Very conservative2.366**2.297**2.231**2.087***
(1.158)(1.132)(0.869)(0.795)
Age: 30–440.7720.7420.2530.172
(0.811)(0.791)(0.390)(0.356)
Age: 45–651.1361.0790.602*0.488
(0.765)(0.746)(0.359)(0.328)
Age: over 652.052***1.900**1.389***1.152***
(0.766)(0.750)(0.362)(0.333)
Female−0.1140.008−0.329**−0.199
(0.217)(0.219)(0.155)(0.146)
Black−0.880−0.806−0.609−0.536
(0.754)(0.736)(0.400)(0.366)
Education−0.085−0.091−0.021−0.021
(0.081)(0.081)(0.055)(0.052)
Income−0.007−0.0070.0030.003
(0.008)(0.008)(0.004)(0.003)
Number of links shared0.001***0.001***
(0.0002)(0.0001)
Constant−3.416**−3.635***−1.201−1.502*
(1.379)(1.348)(0.931)(0.851)
N1041104010411040

*P < 0.1

**P < 0.05

***P < 0.01.