Research ArticleEPIDEMIOLOGY

Reduced evolutionary rate in reemerged Ebola virus transmission chains

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Science Advances  29 Apr 2016:
Vol. 2, no. 4, e1600378
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600378

Article Information

vol. 2 no. 4

Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication February 22, 2016
  • Accepted for publication April 11, 2016
  • .

Author Information

  1. David J. Blackley1,*,
  2. Michael R. Wiley2,*,
  3. Jason T. Ladner2,*,
  4. Mosoka Fallah3,*,
  5. Terrence Lo1,
  6. Merle L. Gilbert2,
  7. Christopher Gregory1,
  8. Jonathan D’ambrozio2,
  9. Stewart Coulter1,
  10. Suzanne Mate2,
  11. Zephaniah Balogun1,
  12. Jeffrey Kugelman2,
  13. William Nwachukwu1,
  14. Karla Prieto2,
  15. Adolphus Yeiah3,
  16. Fred Amegashie3,
  17. Brian Kearney2,
  18. Meagan Wisniewski2,
  19. John Saindon1,
  20. Gary Schroth4,
  21. Lawrence Fakoli5,
  22. Joseph W. Diclaro II6,
  23. Jens H. Kuhn7,
  24. Lisa E. Hensley7,
  25. Peter B. Jahrling7,
  26. Ute Ströher1,
  27. Stuart T. Nichol1,
  28. Moses Massaquoi3,
  29. Francis Kateh3,
  30. Peter Clement8,
  31. Alex Gasasira8,
  32. Fatorma Bolay5,
  33. Stephan S. Monroe1,
  34. Andrew Rambaut9,10,11,
  35. Mariano Sanchez-Lockhart2,
  36. A. Scott Laney1,
  37. Tolbert Nyenswah3,,
  38. Athalia Christie1, and
  39. Gustavo Palacios2,
  1. 1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA.
  2. 2U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.
  3. 3Ministry of Health, Monrovia, Liberia.
  4. 4Illumina Inc., San Diego, CA 92122, USA.
  5. 5Liberian Institute for Biomedical Research, Charlesville, Liberia.
  6. 6Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, U.S. Navy, Cairo, Egypt.
  7. 7Integrated Research Facility at Fort Detrick, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.
  8. 8World Health Organization, CH-1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.
  9. 9Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3FL, UK.
  10. 10Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  11. 11Centre for Immunology, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3FL, UK.
  1. Corresponding author. Email: gustavo.f.palacios.ctr{at}mail.mil (G.P.); akc9{at}cdc.gov (A.C.); tgnyenswah74{at}yahoo.com (T.N.)
    • * These authors contributed equally to this work.

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