ReviewECOLOGY

Formation of the Isthmus of Panama

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Science Advances  17 Aug 2016:
Vol. 2, no. 8, e1600883
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600883

Article Information

vol. 2 no. 8

Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication April 24, 2016
  • Accepted for publication July 18, 2016

Author Information

  1. Aaron O’Dea1,*,
  2. Harilaos A. Lessios1,
  3. Anthony G. Coates1,
  4. Ron I. Eytan2,
  5. Sergio A. Restrepo-Moreno3,4,
  6. Alberto L. Cione5,
  7. Laurel S. Collins1,6,
  8. Alan de Queiroz7,
  9. David W. Farris8,
  10. Richard D. Norris9,
  11. Robert F. Stallard1,10,
  12. Michael O. Woodburne11,
  13. Orangel Aguilera12,
  14. Marie-Pierre Aubry13,
  15. William A. Berggren13,
  16. Ann F. Budd14,
  17. Mario A. Cozzuol15,
  18. Simon E. Coppard16,
  19. Herman Duque-Caro17,,
  20. Seth Finnegan18,
  21. Germán M. Gasparini5,
  22. Ethan L. Grossman19,
  23. Kenneth G. Johnson20,
  24. Lloyd D. Keigwin21,
  25. Nancy Knowlton22,
  26. Egbert G. Leigh1,
  27. Jill S. Leonard-Pingel23,
  28. Peter B. Marko24,
  29. Nicholas D. Pyenson25,
  30. Paola G. Rachello-Dolmen1,19,
  31. Esteban Soibelzon5,
  32. Leopoldo Soibelzon5,
  33. Jonathan A. Todd20,
  34. Geerat J. Vermeij26 and
  35. Jeremy B. C. Jackson1,9,25
  1. 1Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Box 0843-03092, Balboa, Republic of Panama.
  2. 2Department of Marine Biology, Texas A&M University at Galveston, Galveston, TX 77553, USA.
  3. 3Departamento de Geociencias y Medio Ambiente Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.
  4. 4Department of Geological Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
  5. 5División Paleontología Vertebrados, Museo de La Plata, B1900FWA La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  6. 6Department of Earth and Environment, and Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA.
  7. 7Department of Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557–0314, USA.
  8. 8Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA.
  9. 9Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92093–0244, USA.
  10. 10U.S. Geological Survey, 3215 Marine Street (Suite E127), Boulder, CO 80303, USA.
  11. 11Department of Geological Sciences, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92507, USA.
  12. 12Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto de Biologia, Campus do Valonguinho, Outeiro São João Batista, s/n°, cep. 24020-141, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  13. 13Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University, 610 Taylor Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854–8066, USA.
  14. 14Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.
  15. 15Laboratório de Paleozoologia, Departamento de Biologia Geral, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Antonio Carlos, 6627, cep. 31270 010, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
  16. 16Department of Biology, Hamilton College, 198 College Hill Road, Clinton, NY 13323, USA.
  17. 17Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Bogotá, Colombia.
  18. 18Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, 3040 Valley Life Science Building #3140, Berkeley, CA 94720–3140, USA.
  19. 19Department of Geology and Geophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA.
  20. 20Department of Earth Sciences, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK.
  21. 21Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA.
  22. 22Department of Invertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013, USA.
  23. 23Department of Geology, Washington and Lee University, 204 West Washington Street, Lexington, VA 24450, USA.
  24. 24Department of Biology, University of Hawai’i at Mānoa, 2538 McCarthy Mall, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA.
  25. 25Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013, USA.
  26. 26Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: odeaa{at}si.edu
    • Deceased.

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