Research ArticlePALEOCLIMATE

State dependence of climatic instability over the past 720,000 years from Antarctic ice cores and climate modeling

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Science Advances  08 Feb 2017:
Vol. 3, no. 2, e1600446
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600446

Article Information

vol. 3 no. 2

Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication February 29, 2016
  • Accepted for publication December 28, 2016

Author Information

  1. Dome Fuji Ice Core Project Members:,
  2. Kenji Kawamura1,2,3,*,
  3. Ayako Abe-Ouchi4,5,*,
  4. Hideaki Motoyama1,2,*,
  5. Yutaka Ageta6,
  6. Shuji Aoki7,
  7. Nobuhiko Azuma8,
  8. Yoshiyuki Fujii1,2,
  9. Koji Fujita6,
  10. Shuji Fujita1,2,
  11. Kotaro Fukui1,,
  12. Teruo Furukawa1,2,
  13. Atsushi Furusaki9,
  14. Kumiko Goto-Azuma1,2,
  15. Ralf Greve10,
  16. Motohiro Hirabayashi1,
  17. Takeo Hondoh10,
  18. Akira Hori11,
  19. Shinichiro Horikawa10,,
  20. Kazuho Horiuchi12,
  21. Makoto Igarashi1,
  22. Yoshinori Iizuka10,
  23. Takao Kameda11,
  24. Hiroshi Kanda1,2,
  25. Mika Kohno1,§,
  26. Takayuki Kuramoto1,
  27. Yuki Matsushi13,,
  28. Morihiro Miyahara14,
  29. Takayuki Miyake1,
  30. Atsushi Miyamoto10,
  31. Yasuo Nagashima15,
  32. Yoshiki Nakayama16,
  33. Takakiyo Nakazawa7,
  34. Fumio Nakazawa1,2,
  35. Fumihiko Nishio17,
  36. Ichio Obinata18,
  37. Rumi Ohgaito5,
  38. Akira Oka4,
  39. Jun’ichi Okuno1,2,
  40. Junichi Okuyama10,||,
  41. Ikumi Oyabu1,
  42. Frédéric Parrenin19,
  43. Frank Pattyn20,
  44. Fuyuki Saito5,
  45. Takashi Saito21,
  46. Takeshi Saito10,
  47. Toshimitsu Sakurai1,**,
  48. Kimikazu Sasa15,
  49. Hakime Seddik10,
  50. Yasuyuki Shibata22,
  51. Kunio Shinbori10,
  52. Keisuke Suzuki23,
  53. Toshitaka Suzuki24,
  54. Akiyoshi Takahashi14,
  55. Kunio Takahashi5,
  56. Shuhei Takahashi11,
  57. Morimasa Takata8,
  58. Yoichi Tanaka25,
  59. Ryu Uemura1,26,
  60. Genta Watanabe27,
  61. Okitsugu Watanabe28,
  62. Tetsuhide Yamasaki14,
  63. Kotaro Yokoyama29,
  64. Masakazu Yoshimori30 and
  65. Takayasu Yoshimoto31
  1. 1National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organizations of Information and Systems, 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8518, Japan.
  2. 2Department of Polar Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8518, Japan.
  3. 3Institute of Biogeosciences, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2-15 Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka 237-0061, Japan.
  4. 4Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa 277-8568, Japan.
  5. 5Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3173-25 Showamachi, Kanazawa, Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-0001, Japan.
  6. 6Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan.
  7. 7Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 6-3 Aramaki Aza-Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578, Japan.
  8. 8Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188, Japan.
  9. 9Asahikawa National College of Technology, 2-1-6, 2-jou, Syunkoudai, Asahikawa, Hokkaido 071-8142, Japan.
  10. 10Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Kita-19, Nishi-8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0819, Japan.
  11. 11Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Kitami Institute of Technology, 165 Koen-cho, Kitami, Hokkaido 090-8507, Japan.
  12. 12Graduate School of Science and Technology, Hirosaki University, 3 Bunkyo-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8561, Japan.
  13. 13Micro Analysis Laboratory, Tandem Accelerator, University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan.
  14. 14Geo Tecs Co. Ltd., 1-5-14-705 Kanayama, Naka-ku, Nagoya 460-0022, Japan.
  15. 15AMS Group, Tandem Accelerator Complex, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577, Japan.
  16. 163D Geoscience Inc., Nogizaka Building, 9-6-41 Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107-0052, Japan.
  17. 17Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi, Inage, Chiba 263-8522, Japan.
  18. 18Obinata Clinic, 3-2-1 Terazawa, Gosen, Niigata 959-1837, Japan.
  19. 19Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IRD, IGE, F-38000 Grenoble, France.
  20. 20Laboratoire de Glaciologie, Faculté des Sciences, CP160/03, Université Libre de Bruxelles, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
  21. 21Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.
  22. 22National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan.
  23. 23Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan.
  24. 24Faculty of Science, Yamagata University, 1-4-12 Kojirakawa-machi, Yamagata 990-8560, Japan.
  25. 25Geosystems Inc., Oshidate 4-11-20, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-0012, Japan.
  26. 26Department of Chemistry, Biology, and Marine Science, University of the Ryukyus, 1 Senbaru, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan.
  27. 27Chiken Consultants Co. Ltd., 11-27 Wakitahonmachi, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-1123, Japan.
  28. 28Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Shonan Village, Hayama, Kanagawa 240-0193, Japan.
  29. 29Hokuriku Research Center, National Agricultural Research Center, 1-2-1 Inada, Joetsu, Niigata 943-0193, Japan.
  30. 30Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education, and Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University, Kita 10, Nishi 5, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan.
  31. 31IOK/Kyushu Olympia Kogyo Co. Ltd., Kunitomi-cho, Higashi-morokata-gun, Miyazaki 880-1106, Japan.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: kawamura{at}nipr.ac.jp (K.K.); motoyama{at}nipr.ac.jp (H.M.); abeouchi{at}aori.u-tokyo.ac.jp (A.A.-O.)
    • Present address: Tateyama Caldera Sabo Museum, 68 Bunazaka-Ashikuraji, Tateyama-machi, Toyama 930-1305, Japan.

    • Present address: Earthquake and Volcano Research Center, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan.

    • § Present address: Department of Geochemistry, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Goldschmidtstr. 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany.

    • Present address: Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.

    • || Present address: Advanced Applied Science Department, IHI Co., Yokohama, Japan.

    • ** Present address: Civil Engineering Research Institute for Cold Region, Public Work Research Institute, Hiragishi, Toyohira-ku, Sapporo 062-8602, Japan.

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