Research ArticlePHYSICS

Integrated photonic platform for quantum information with continuous variables

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Science Advances  07 Dec 2018:
Vol. 4, no. 12, eaat9331
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat9331


Integrated quantum photonics provides a scalable platform for the generation, manipulation, and detection of optical quantum states by confining light inside miniaturized waveguide circuits. Here, we show the generation, manipulation, and interferometric stage of homodyne detection of nonclassical light on a single device, a key step toward a fully integrated approach to quantum information with continuous variables. We use a dynamically reconfigurable lithium niobate waveguide network to generate and characterize squeezed vacuum and two-mode entangled states, key resources for several quantum communication and computing protocols. We measure a squeezing level of − 1.38 ± 0.04 dB and demonstrate entanglement by verifying an inseparability criterion I = 0.77 ± 0.02 < 1. Our platform can implement all the processes required for optical quantum technology, and its high nonlinearity and fast reconfigurability make it ideal for the realization of quantum computation with time encoded continuous-variable cluster states.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

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