Research ArticlePALEONTOLOGY

Fossil scales illuminate the early evolution of lepidopterans and structural colors

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Science Advances  11 Apr 2018:
Vol. 4, no. 4, e1700988
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1700988

Article Information

vol. 4 no. 4

Online ISSN: 
  • Received for publication March 30, 2017
  • Accepted for publication February 23, 2018
  • .

Author Information

  1. Qingqing Zhang1,2,
  2. Wolfram Mey3,
  3. Jörg Ansorge4,
  4. Timothy A. Starkey5,
  5. Luke T. McDonald6,
  6. Maria E. McNamara6,
  7. Edmund A. Jarzembowski1,7,
  8. Wilfried Wichard8,
  9. Richard Kelly9,10,
  10. Xiaoyin Ren1,
  11. Jun Chen1,11,
  12. Haichun Zhang1 and
  13. Bo Wang1,12,*
  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China.
  2. 2University of Sciences and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China.
  3. 3Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute of Evolution and Biodiversity Research, Humboldt University, D-10115 Berlin, Germany.
  4. 4Institute of Geography and Geology, University of Greifswald, D-17487 Greifswald, Germany.
  5. 5Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter EX4 4QL, UK.
  6. 6School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, North Mall, Cork T23 TK30, Ireland.
  7. 7Department of Earth Sciences, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK.
  8. 8Institute of Biology and its Didactics, University of Cologne, D-50931 Cologne, Germany.
  9. 9School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TQ, UK.
  10. 10Department of Natural Sciences, National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh EH1 1JF, UK.
  11. 11Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Linyi University, Linyi 276000, China.
  12. 12Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: bowang{at}


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