Research ArticleChemistry

Hydrogenation of terminal and internal olefins using a biowaste-derived heterogeneous cobalt catalyst

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Science Advances  21 Sep 2018:
Vol. 4, no. 9, eaau1248
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau1248

Abstract

Hydrogenation of olefins is achieved using biowaste-derived cobalt chitosan catalysts. Characterization of the optimal Co@Chitosan-700 by STEM (scanning transmission electron microscopy), EELS (electron energy loss spectroscopy), PXRD (powder x-ray diffraction), and elemental analysis revealed the formation of a distinctive magnetic composite material with high metallic Co content. The general performance of this catalyst is demonstrated in the hydrogenation of 50 olefins including terminal, internal, and functionalized derivatives, as well as renewables. Using this nonnoble metal composite, hydrogenation of terminal C==C double bonds occurs under very mild and benign conditions (water or methanol, 40° to 60°C). The utility of Co@Chitosan-700 is showcased for efficient hydrogenation of the industrially relevant examples diisobutene, fatty acids, and their triglycerides. Because of the magnetic behavior of this material and water as solvent, product separation and recycling of the catalyst are straightforward.

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