Research ArticleIMMUNOLOGY

Red blood cell–derived nanoerythrosome for antigen delivery with enhanced cancer immunotherapy

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Science Advances  23 Oct 2019:
Vol. 5, no. 10, eaaw6870
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw6870

Abstract

Erythrocytes or red blood cells (RBCs) represent a promising cell-mediated drug delivery platform due to their inherent biocompatibility. Here, we developed an antigen delivery system based on the nanoerythrosomes derived from RBCs, inspired by the splenic antigen-presenting cell targeting capacity of senescent RBCs. Tumor antigens were loaded onto the nanoerythrosomes by fusing tumor cell membrane–associated antigens with nanoerythrosomes. This tumor antigen–loaded nanoerythrosomes (nano-Ag@erythrosome) elicited antigen responses in vivo and, in combination with the anti–programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) blockade, inhibited the tumor growth in B16F10 and 4T1 tumor models. We also generated a tumor model showing that “personalized nano-Ag@erythrosomes” could be achieved by fusing RBCs and surgically removed tumors, which effectively reduced tumor recurrence and metastasis after surgery.

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