Electric dipole effect in PdCoO2/β-Ga2O3 Schottky diodes for high-temperature operation

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science Advances  18 Oct 2019:
Vol. 5, no. 10, eaax5733
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax5733


High-temperature operation of semiconductor devices is widely demanded for switching/sensing purposes in automobiles, plants, and aerospace applications. As alternatives to conventional Si-based Schottky diodes usable only at 200°C or less, Schottky interfaces based on wide-bandgap semiconductors have been extensively studied to realize a large Schottky barrier height that makes high-temperature operation possible. Here, we report a unique crystalline Schottky interface composed of a wide-gap semiconductor β-Ga2O3 and a layered metal PdCoO2. At the thermally stable all-oxide interface, the polar layered structure of PdCoO2 generates electric dipoles, realizing a large Schottky barrier height of ~1.8 eV, well beyond the 0.7 eV expected from the basal Schottky-Mott relation. Because of the naturally formed homogeneous electric dipoles, this junction achieved current rectification with a large on/off ratio approaching 108 even at a high temperature of 350°C. The exceptional performance of the PdCoO2/β-Ga2O3 Schottky diodes makes power/sensing devices possible for extreme environments.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

View Full Text

Stay Connected to Science Advances