Research ArticleMATERIALS SCIENCE

General and selective deoxygenation by hydrogen using a reusable earth-abundant metal catalyst

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Science Advances  15 Nov 2019:
Vol. 5, no. 11, eaav3680
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav3680

Abstract

Chemoselective deoxygenation by hydrogen is particularly challenging but crucial for an efficient late-stage modification of functionality-laden fine chemicals, natural products, or pharmaceuticals and the economic upgrading of biomass-derived molecules into fuels and chemicals. We report here on a reusable earth-abundant metal catalyst that permits highly chemoselective deoxygenation using inexpensive hydrogen gas. Primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols as well as alkyl and aryl ketones and aldehydes can be selectively deoxygenated, even when part of complex natural products, pharmaceuticals, or biomass-derived platform molecules. The catalyst tolerates many functional groups including hydrogenation-sensitive examples. It is efficient, easy to handle, and conveniently synthesized from a specific bimetallic coordination compound and commercially available charcoal. Selective, sustainable, and cost-efficient deoxygenation under industrially viable conditions seems feasible.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.

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