Research ArticleIMMUNOLOGY

TRIM8 is required for virus-induced IFN response in human plasmacytoid dendritic cells

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Science Advances  20 Nov 2019:
Vol. 5, no. 11, eaax3511
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax3511


Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) play a crucial role in antiviral innate immunity through their unique capacity to produce large amounts of type I interferons (IFNs) upon viral detection. Tripartite motif (TRIM) proteins have recently come forth as important modulators of innate signaling, but their involvement in pDCs has not been investigated. Here, we performed a rationally streamlined small interfering RNA (siRNA)–based screen of TRIM proteins in human primary pDCs to identify those that are critical for the IFN response. Among candidate hits, TRIM8 emerged as an essential regulator of IFN regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) function. Mechanistically, TRIM8 protects phosphorylated IRF7 (pIRF7) from proteasomal degradation in an E3 ubiquitin ligase–independent manner by preventing its recognition by the peptidyl-prolyl isomerase Pin1. Our findings uncover a previously unknown regulatory mechanism of type I IFN production in pDCs by which TRIM8 and Pin1 oppositely regulate the stability of pIRF7.

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