Research ArticleChemistry

Valence self-regulation of sulfur in nanoclusters

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Science Advances  22 Nov 2019:
Vol. 5, no. 11, eaax7863
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax7863

Abstract

The valence self-regulation of sulfur from the “−2” valence state in thiols to the “−1” valence state in hydroxylated thiolates has been accomplished using the Pt1Ag28 nanocluster as a platform—the first time that the “−1” valent sulfur has been detected as S−1. Two previously unknown nanoclusters, Pt1Ag28(SR)20 and Pt1Ag28(SR)18(HO-SR)2 (where SR represents 2-adamantanethiol), have been synthesized and characterized—in the latter nanocluster, the presence of hydroxyl induces the valence regulation of two special S atoms from “−2” (in SR) to “−1” valence state in the HO-S(Ag)R. Because of the contrasting nature of the capping ligands in these two nanoclusters [i.e., only SR in Pt1Ag28(SR)20 or both SR- and HO-SR- in Pt1Ag28(SR)18(HO-SR)2], they exhibit differing shell architectures, even though their cores (Pt1Ag12) are in the same icosahedral configuration. Single-crystal x-ray diffraction analysis revealed their 1:1 cocrystallization, and mass spectrometry verified the presence of hydroxyls on Pt1Ag28(SR)18(HO-SR)2.

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