Research ArticleANTHROPOLOGY

Multi-isotope analysis reveals that feasts in the Stonehenge environs and across Wessex drew people and animals from throughout Britain

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Science Advances  13 Mar 2019:
Vol. 5, no. 3, eaau6078
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau6078
  • Table 1 Summary statistics for each site.

    IQR, interquartile range.

    Durrington WallsMount PleasantWKPEMardenAll
    87Sr/86Srn8918168131
    Median0.70940.70970.70950.71100.7095
    Range0.7080–0.71720.7082–0.71130.7082–0.71330.7086–0.71660.7080–0.7172
    IQR0.00150.00170.00260.00340.0017
    Mean0.70980.70980.71010.71200.7099
    1 SD0.00160.00100.00170.00270.0017
    δ18OVSMOW (‰)n8918168131
    Median25.924.625.725.125.8
    Range23.6–27.723.2–28.924.4–27.623.2–27.423.2–28.9
    IQR1.271.581.231.971.38
    Mean25.925.025.725.125.7
    1 SD0.91.40.91.41.1
    δ34SVCDT (‰)n8616156123
    Median11.914.814.69.113.0
    Range−1.6–19.62.8–18.86.9–17.56.5–13−1.6–19.6
    IQR5.72.05.44.25.8
    Mean11.114.113.29.411.7
    1 SD3.94.23.32.74.0
    δ13CVPDB (‰)n8918168131
    Median−20.7−21.6−21.4−21.4−21.0
    Range−21.3–−19.7−23.1–−20.9−22.4–−20.6−22.0–−20.3−23.1–−19.7
    IQR0.780.550.510.50.90
    Mean−20.7−21.7−21.3−21.4−21.0
    1 SD0.520.921.050.540.64
    δ15NAIR (‰)n8918168131
    Median6.66.66.06.06.5
    Range5.2–8.04.5–9.13.4–7.25.1–6.83.4–9.1
    IQR0.780.550.510.500.89
    Mean6.66.86.25.76.5
    1 SD0.630.921.100.650.79

Supplementary Materials

  • Supplementary material for this article is available at http://advances.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/5/3/eaau6078/DC1

    Supplementary Materials and Methods

    Table S1. Element, side, and context for the sampled remains.

    Table S2. Enamel 87Sr/86Sr, δ18O, and δ13C isotope results with data on Sr concentration and carbonate replicates.

    Table S3. Results from sulfur (δ34S) isotope analysis.

    Table S4. Cluster membership based on a rescaled distance of two on the example dendrogram in fig. S1.

    Table S5. Characterization of the clusters in the K = 24 model, showing membership (n) at each site, isotope value ranges, and the maximum distance from the cluster center among members.

    Table S6. Results of K = 24 cluster analysis ordered by sample number, showing cluster membership for each sample and its distance from the cluster centre.

    Table S7. Results of the K = 24 cluster model, showing sample membership for each cluster.

    Table S8. Samples with highly radiogenic (>0.7131) 87Sr/86Sr values.

    Fig. S1. Example dendrogram output from the hierarchical cluster analysis in SPSS with annotated cluster numbers.

  • Supplementary Materials

    This PDF file includes:

    • Supplementary Materials and Methods
    • Table S1. Element, side, and context for the sampled remains.
    • Table S2. Enamel 87Sr/86Sr, δ18O, and δ13C isotope results with data on Sr concentration and carbonate replicates.
    • Table S3. Results from sulfur (δ34S) isotope analysis.
    • Table S4. Cluster membership based on a rescaled distance of two on the example dendrogram in fig. S1.
    • Table S5. Characterization of the clusters in the K = 24 model, showing membership (n) at each site, isotope value ranges, and the maximum distance from the cluster center among members.
    • Table S6. Results of K = 24 cluster analysis ordered by sample number, showing cluster membership for each sample and its distance from the cluster centre.
    • Table S7. Results of the K = 24 cluster model, showing sample membership for each cluster.
    • Table S8. Samples with highly radiogenic (>0.7131) 87Sr/86Sr values.
    • Fig. S1. Example dendrogram output from the hierarchical cluster analysis in SPSS with annotated cluster numbers.

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