Research ArticleCELL BIOLOGY

Lamin A buffers CK2 kinase activity to modulate aging in a progeria mouse model.

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Science Advances  20 Mar 2019:
Vol. 5, no. 3, eaav5078
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav5078

Abstract

Defective nuclear lamina protein lamin A is associated with premature aging. Casein kinase 2 (CK2) binds the nuclear lamina, and inhibiting CK2 activity induces cellular senescence in cancer cells. Thus, it is feasible that lamin A and CK2 may cooperate in the aging process. Nuclear CK2 localization relies on lamin A and the lamin A carboxyl terminus physically interacts with the CK2α catalytic core and inhibits its kinase activity. Loss of lamin A in Lmna-knockout mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) confers increased CK2 activity. Conversely, prelamin A that accumulates in Zmpste24-deficent MEFs exhibits a high CK2α binding affinity and concomitantly reduces CK2 kinase activity. Permidine treatment activates CK2 by releasing the interaction between lamin A and CK2, promoting DNA damage repair and ameliorating progeroid features. These data reveal a previously unidentified function for nuclear lamin A and highlight an essential role for CK2 in regulating senescence and aging.

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